FAVORITE SON OF BOHOL
As the 2013 local elections conclude on May 13, let us pause and remember one of Bohol's most brilliant politicians so that our aspiring leaders can emulate him.
He is considered as the Most Illustrious Son of Bohol whose long and brilliant political career was punctuated with his ascendancy to presidency of the country
The position was later affirmed and validated with his election months after assuming it
He was born the second of five children to Policronio "Manoy Coni" Garcia and Ambrosia "Mending" Butay- Polistico in Talibon, Bohol on November 4, 1896 which is celebrated every year as "Bohol Day" to honor Pres. Garcia.
EDUCATION He completed his primary education in his hometown Talibon, Bohol and finished his secondary education in Cebu Provincial High School.
He later studied at Silliman University in Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, for his bachelor's degree and proceeded to the Philippine Law School (now Philippine College of Criminology) where he earned his law degree and graduated on top of the class in 1923.
He made it as one of the Top Ten in the national bar examinations.
Before practicing law, he worked as a teacher for two years at Bohol Provincial High School (now known as Dr. Cecilio Putong National High School.
| Pres. Carlos P. Garcia & First Lady Leonila D. Garcia|
He was married to Leonila Dimataga, a licensed pharmacist from Opon, Cebu (now Lapulapu City) with whom he had an only child, Linda Garcia.
He died on June 14, 1971 in Quezon City and was buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig, Metro Manila
Here are some facts and figures on the late Atty. Carlos Polistico Garcia of the Nacionalista Party, the Eighth President of the Philippines and the Fourth President of the Third Republic
|as Vice President to President Ramon Magsaysay|
PRESIDENTIAL DETAILS: It was March 18, 1957, when Vice- President Garcia, at the age of 61, assumed the presidency from Pres. Magsaysay who perished in a tragic plane crash in Mt. Manunggal in Balamban, Cebu Province.
His first presidential term was from March 18, 1957 to December 30, 1957 for a total of eight months, the remainder of Pres. Magsaysay's first presidential term.
Straight from the airport, Vice President Carlos P. García was inaugurated as the 8th President of the Philippines upon Magsaysay's death on March 17, 1957 at the Council of State Room, Executive Building, Malacañan Palace.
|Administering the oath of office was Chief Justice Ricardo Paras|
At the time of the sudden death of President Ramon Magsaysay, Vice President and Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos P. García was heading the Philippine delegation to the SEATO conference then being held at Canberra, Australia.
Having been immediately notified of the tragedy, Vice President García enplaned back for Manila.
Upon his arrival he directly repaired to Malacañang Palace to assume the duties of President. Chief Justice Ricardo Paras of the Supreme Court, was at hand to administer the oath of office.
President García's first actions dealt with the declaration of a period of mourning for the whole nation and the burial ceremonies for the late Chief-Executive Magsaysay.
The following link details the aftermath of the plane crash that killed Pres. Magsaysay:
SECOND PRESIDENTIAL TERM:
Second term: December 30, 1957-December 30, 1961 (elected)
After completing the unfinished presidential term of Pres. Magsaysay, everyone thought it was smooth sailing for Garcia for the 1957 presidential elections especially after he had secured the nomination of the Nacionalista Party but Senator Claro M. Recto had other plans. He bolted the NP to run for President under the Nationalist Citizens’ Party.
Other Magsaysay supporters established the Progressive Party of the Philippines and endorsed Manuel Manahan for President.
The Liberal Party, for its part, fielded former Speaker Jose Yulo for President.
The showdown had been set again for Jose Yulo of Negros Occidental and Carlos P. Garcia of Bohol whose first encounter was during the 1953 elections where both ran for Vice- President
| Pres. CPG & First Lady Leonila Garcia welcome |
House Speaker Daniel Z. Romualdez and his wife
for New Year “At Home” in Malacanang, 1960.
| during the 1957 election campaign|
FOUR CANDIDATES FOR 1957 PRESIDENCY
And so it was a four- cornered fight during the 1957 Philippine Presidential elections.
In a repeat of their 1953 encounter where both ran for Vice- President, Garcia trounced his main opponent Yulo, bested Recto and Manahan, and won the Philippine Presidency in his own right.
Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista Party 41.30 %
Jose Yulo Liberal Party 27.60 %
Manuel Manahan Progressive Party of the Philippines 20.90 %
Claro M. Recto Nacionalist Citizen's Party 8. 55%
|Results of the 1957 Presidential Elections|
His Second Inauguration for 1957 was on December 30 at the Independence Grandstand, Manila at the age of 62
Here is an excerpt of his inaugural speech:
Here is an excerpt of his inaugural speech:
Again, I reverently invoke the aid of the Divine Creator, Infinite Fountain of all blessings, that we may have unity where we have been divided, that we may have faith and courage where we have faltered and weakened, that we may be given light and vision where we have walked in darkness, that we may have love where we have been selfish, and that we may achieve lasting peace, prosperity and happiness for the people.
|Pres. Garcia tenders Manila Motorcade for US President Dwight Eisenhower|
THE MOST IMPORTANT POSITIONS DURING HIS TERM:
PREVIOUS POSITIONS HELD BY PRES. GARCIA:
During his presidency, the following held the most important positions in the country:
PREVIOUS POSITIONS HELD BY PRES. GARCIA:
Vice President : Diosdado Macapagal (December 30, 1957-December 30, 1961)
Chief Justice : Ricardo M. Paras (April 2, 1951-February 17, 1961)
Senate President : Eulogio Rodriguez (January 22, 1957-April 5, 1963)
Speaker of the House : Daniel Z. Romualdez (January 27, 1958-December 30, 1961)
Executive Bureaucracy : Member, Rehabilitation Commission
Provincial : Governor of Bohol (1933-1941)
Cabinet : Secretary of Foreign Affairs (1953-1957)
National : Vice-President of the Philippines (1953-1957)
Legislative Lower House : Representative, Lone District of Bohol (1925-1931)
Upper House : Senator (1945-1953)
Judicial : None
Others : President, 1971 Constitutional Convention
Military : Guerilla resistance leader
WHEN IKE VISITED CALOY IN MANILA:
A high point during President Garcia's term was the State Visit to the Philippines by President Dwight Eisenhower of the United States in June 1960
Just how many Philippine presidents can brag about being visited by the president of the world's most powerful nation?
|Welcome Ceremony at Manila Airport for U.S. President Eisenhower|
| The Order of Sikatuna: Rank of Raja, the highest recognition awarded by the |
Philippine govt for diplomatic & foreign relations and named after
Boholano chieftain Raja Sikatuna, is conferred by Pres. Garcia to
U.S. President Dwight "Ike" Eisenhower
Pres.Eisenhower delivering a speech at the Quirino Grandstand the president is
wearing the collar of the Order of Sikatuna, Rank of Raja
| Pres.Eisenhower's left is his daughter in-law, BarbaraState Dinner |
Being a staunch supporter for Phil culture, Pres. Garcia invites the Bayanihan Dancers
to perform for US Pres. Eisenhower during the State Dinner in Malacanang Palace
| President Garcia with First Lady Leonila Garcia |
proposes a toast for President Eisenhower
| commemorative postage stamp of US President's RP visit|
LIFE AFTER THE PRESIDENCY:
In 1961, faced by the so-called “White Paper” disseminated by Senator Eulogio “Amang” Rodriquez, President Garcia lost his reelection bid to the rising political leader from Pampanga, and his Vice President Diosdado Macapagal of the Liberal Party.
Ironically, Boholanos would vote overwhelmingly for Macapagal's daughter Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo in her victorious 2004 presidential bid.
After his failed reelection bid, Garcia retreated to private life, living in Tagbilaran City, Bohol.
1971 CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
On June 1, 1971, Garcia was elected delegate to the 1971 Constitutional Convention.
Convention delegates elected him president of the convention on June 11, 1971 with his then vice president Diosdado Macapagal replicating his role as vice president to the illustrious Boholano statesman
is flanked candidly by former presidents Diosdado Macapagal and Carlos P. Garcia
Note their different style interpretations of the Barong Tagalog
However, just four days after his election, on June 14, 1971, Garcia suffered a fatal heart attack. He was succeeded as president of the convention by his vice president, former president Diosdado Macapagal.
Garcia’s administration was anchored on three basic policies:
Austerity, Filipino First Policy and Cultural Revival